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TO THE CALM ZOO

California Living Museum (CALM) was founded in 1980 and opened to the public in 1983. CALM exists to display and interpret native California animals and plants for education, conservation and research. CALM provides education to more than 20,000 Kern County students annually through on-site programs. CALM also operates the most extensive wildlife rehabilitation center in the Southern San Joaquin Valley.

Red Fox

Species: Red Fox The red fox (Vulpes vulpes) is the largest of the true foxes and…

Red Fox

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Species: Red Fox

The red fox (Vulpes vulpes) is the largest of the true foxes and one of the most widely distributed members of the order Carnivora, being present across the entire Northern Hemisphere including most of North America, Europe and Asia, plus parts of North Africa. It is listed as least concern by the IUCN. Its range has increased alongside human expansion, having been introduced to Australia, where it is considered harmful to native mammals and bird populations. Due to its presence in Australia, it is included on the list of the “world’s 100 worst invasive species”.

The red fox originated from smaller-sized ancestors from Eurasia during the Middle Villafranchian period,[4] and colonised North America shortly after the Wisconsin glaciation. Among the true foxes, the red fox represents a more progressive form in the direction of carnivory.[6] Apart from its large size, the red fox is distinguished from other fox species by its ability to adapt quickly to new environments. Despite its name, the species often produces individuals with other colourings, including leucistic and melanistic individuals. Forty-five subspecies are currently recognised, which are divided into two categories: the large northern foxes and the small, basal southern grey desert foxes of Asia and North Africa.

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A concrete help for a better and kind world

Beatrix & Juniper

Species: Mule Deer Beatrix was brought to CALM after a run in with a dog. Unfortunately,…

Beatrix & Juniper

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Species: Mule Deer

Beatrix was brought to CALM after a run in with a dog. Unfortunately, the dog pulled her away from her momma and she sustained injuries to her abdomen. After some much needed rest and care, it was decided that Beatrix would be part of our CALM family. Beatrix is as sassy as they come and loves interacting with our other mule deer Otis, Radar and her bestie Juniper.

Within days of Beatrix’ arrival, Juniper came to CALM. Her momma had been struck by a car. Juniper fit right into CALM and is a confident, spunky doe. Although her name is Juniper, some staff nicknamed her laces because she was obsessed with going after people’s shoe laces! Both Beatrix and Juniper were raised by our keeper staff and are such a joy to the public!

Habitat: mule deer are only found on the western Great Plains, the Rocky Mountains, the southwest United States, and on the west coast of North America. Mule deer have also been introduced to Argentina and Kauai, Hawaii.

Diet: At CALM, mule deer eat a variety of grains, hay, fruits and vegetables and browse. Beatrix and Juniper love apples and can often be seen sharing their food bowls with some of our pesky squirrels.

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Betty

Species: American White Pelican Betty joined CALM in December of 2008 after a wing injury kept…

Betty

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Species: American White Pelican

Betty joined CALM in December of 2008 after a wing injury kept her from being releasable. CALM partnered with US Fish and Wildlife officials to ensure that Betty was able to heal and be given sanctuary at CALM. Often you will see Betty strutting her stuff in our shorebirds enclosure. She enjoys getting to know the variety of shorebird species that call CALM home; from Canada geese, to mallards to cranes, Betty has had a variety of housemates over her many years at CALM. Her blue eyes and strong nature make her a favorite of many guests at CALM. Did you know that American White Pelicans are a protected species?! The Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918 keeps birds like Betty from being hunted, traded/sold or killed in the wild.

Habitat: American white pelicans nest in colonies of several hundred pairs on islands in remote brackish and freshwater lakes of inland North America. The most northerly nesting colony can be found on islands in the rapids of the Slave River between Fort Fitzgerald, Alberta, and Fort Smith, Northwest Territories. Several groups have been visiting the Useless Bay (Washington) bird sanctuary since 2015. About 10–20% of the population uses Gunnison Island in the Great Basin’s Great Salt Lake as a nesting ground. The southernmost colonies are in southwestern Ontario and northeastern California.

Nesting colonies exist as far south as Albany County in southern Wyoming.They winter on the Pacific and Gulf of Mexico coasts from central California and Florida south to Panama, and along the Mississippi River at least as far north as St. Paul, Minnesota. In winter quarters, they are rarely found on the open seashore, preferring estuaries and lakes. They cross deserts and mountains but avoid the open ocean on migration. But stray birds, often blown off course by hurricanes, have been seen in the Caribbean. In Colombian territory it has been recorded first on February 22, 1997, on the San Andrés Island, where they might have been swept by Hurricane Marco which passed nearby in November 1996. Since then, there have also been a few observations likely to pertain to this species on the South American mainland, e.g. at Calamar. Wild American white pelicans may live for more than 16 years. In captivity, the record lifespan stands at over 34 years.

Diet: American White Pelicans eat over 4lbs of food per day! At CALM, Betty enjoys a wide variety of fish!

 

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Stanley

Species: Red Tailed Hawk Stanley came to CALM through our Wildlife Rehabilitation Center in July of…

Stanley

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Species: Red Tailed Hawk

Stanley came to CALM through our Wildlife Rehabilitation Center in July of 2010. Stanley was diagnosed with neurological impairment caused by West Nile Virus; making it impossible for him to return to the wild. After surviving from WNV, Stanley has made his way to being one of CALM’s Ambassador animals. He is often used in discussions regarding West Nile Virus which can affect all species and comes from mosquitos carrying the virus. Because Stanley has neurological issues, he is hand fed by our dedicated keeper staff at each feed!

Habitat: An eastern population ranges west through southern Canada from southern New Brunswick and Ontario to the eastern edge of the U.S. Great Plains, south to Florida, the Gulf Coast, and eastern Mexico. Only northernmost populations are migratory. A western population breeds west of the Sierra Nevada from northern California to northern Baja California, and has recently expanded into Oregon and Arizona, and east of the Sierra Nevada in California and southern Nevada.

Diet: At CALM, Stanley enjoys a variety of mice, rats and chicks to satiate his ever-growing appetite!

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Lassen & Spirit

Lassen and Spirit made their way into CALM through US Fish and Wildlife and CALM’s Wildlife…

Lassen & Spirit

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Lassen and Spirit made their way into CALM through US Fish and Wildlife and CALM’s Wildlife Rehabilitation Center after it was determined that their injuries would make it impossible for them to return to the wild. Lassen has been with CALM since 1990 and Spirit joined the ranks in 2003. In captivity, Bald Eagles have been recorded to live 30+ years. When visiting Spirit and Lassen at CALM, you can often hear their high pitch chirping when one of our keepers enters their enclosure. They are very vocal and know who their favorite people are! Trying to tell the difference between them? Spirit is missing an eye, but that doesn’t stop her from being one of the world’s most majestic birds!

Habitat: The bald eagle occurs during its breeding season in virtually any kind of American wetland habitat such as seacoasts, rivers, large lakes or marshes or other large bodies of open water with an abundance of fish. Studies have shown a preference for bodies of water with a circumference greater than 11 km (7 mi), and lakes with an area greater than 10 km2 (4 sq mi) are optimal for breeding bald eagles.

The bald eagle typically requires old-growth and mature stands of coniferous or hardwood trees for perching, roosting, and nesting. Tree species reportedly is less important to the eagle pair than the tree’s height, composition and location. Perhaps of paramount importance for this species is an abundance of comparatively large trees surrounding the body of water. Selected trees must have good visibility, be over 20 m (66 ft) tall, an open structure, and proximity to prey. If nesting trees are in standing water such as in a mangrove swamp, the nest can be located fairly low, at as low 6 m (20 ft) above the ground.

In a more typical tree standing on dry ground, nests may be located from 16 to 38 m (52 to 125 ft) in height. In Chesapeake Bay, nesting trees averaged 82 cm (32 in) in diameter and 28 m (92 ft) in total height, while in Florida, the average nesting tree stands 23 m (75 ft) high and is 23 cm (9.1 in) in diameter.[44][45] Trees used for nesting in the Greater Yellowstone area average 27 m (89 ft) high. Trees or forest used for nesting should have a canopy cover of no more than 60%, and no less than 20%, and be in close proximity to water.[41] Most nests have been found within 200 m (660 ft) of open water. The greatest distance from open water recorded for a bald eagle nest was over 3 km (1.9 mi), in Florida.

Bald eagle nests are often very large in order to compensate for size of the birds. The largest recorded nest was found in Florida in 1963, and was measured at nearly 10 feet wide and 20 feet deep.

Diet: While at CALM, Lassen and Spirit receive a variety of foods! Fish, meats and BOP diets (Birds of Prey). Keepers often put food throughout the exhibit to enrich Lassen and Spirit’s curiousity sides.

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24 & 50

Lassen and Spirit made their way into CALM through US Fish and Wildlife and CALM’s Wildlife…

24 & 50

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Lassen and Spirit made their way into CALM through US Fish and Wildlife and CALM’s Wildlife Rehabilitation Center after it was determined that their injuries would make it impossible for them to return to the wild. Lassen has been with CALM since 1990 and Spirit joined the ranks in 2003. In captivity, Bald Eagles have been recorded to live 30+ years. When visiting Spirit and Lassen at CALM, you can often hear their high pitch chirping when one of our keepers enters their enclosure. They are very vocal and know who their favorite people are! Trying to tell the difference between them? Spirit is missing an eye, but that doesn’t stop her from being one of the world’s most majestic birds!

Habitat: The bald eagle occurs during its breeding season in virtually any kind of American wetland habitat such as seacoasts, rivers, large lakes or marshes or other large bodies of open water with an abundance of fish. Studies have shown a preference for bodies of water with a circumference greater than 11 km (7 mi), and lakes with an area greater than 10 km2 (4 sq mi) are optimal for breeding bald eagles. The bald eagle typically requires old-growth and mature stands of coniferous or hardwood trees for perching, roosting, and nesting. Tree species reportedly is less important to the eagle pair than the tree’s height, composition and location.

Perhaps of paramount importance for this species is an abundance of comparatively large trees surrounding the body of water. Selected trees must have good visibility, be over 20 m (66 ft) tall, an open structure, and proximity to prey. If nesting trees are in standing water such as in a mangrove swamp, the nest can be located fairly low, at as low 6 m (20 ft) above the ground. In a more typical tree standing on dry ground, nests may be located from 16 to 38 m (52 to 125 ft) in height. In Chesapeake Bay, nesting trees averaged 82 cm (32 in) in diameter and 28 m (92 ft) in total height, while in Florida, the average nesting tree stands 23 m (75 ft) high and is 23 cm (9.1 in) in diameter.

Trees used for nesting in the Greater Yellowstone area average 27 m (89 ft) high. Trees or forest used for nesting should have a canopy cover of no more than 60%, and no less than 20%, and be in close proximity to water. Most nests have been found within 200 m (660 ft) of open water. The greatest distance from open water recorded for a bald eagle nest was over 3 km (1.9 mi), in Florida. Bald eagle nests are often very large in order to compensate for size of the birds. The largest recorded nest was found in Florida in 1963, and was measured at nearly 10 feet wide and 20 feet deep.

Diet: While at CALM, Lassen and Spirit receive a variety of foods! Fish, meats and BOP diets (Birds of Prey). Keepers often put food throughout the exhibit to enrich Lassen and Spirit’s curiosity sides.

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Donation Total: $100.00

Scruggs

Scruggs is a very interesting guy! He came to CALM from a fellow wildlife rehabilitation center…

Scruggs

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Scruggs is a very interesting guy! He came to CALM from a fellow wildlife rehabilitation center after being struck by a car. Scruggs is a story of survival as when he was originally comatose and thought to be deceased. Surprising the entire veterinary crew, Scruggs awoke from his comatose state moments before he was going to be put to sleep from his significant injuries. Since deciding to fight for his life, Scruggs has proven to be true to his species. He is feisty, inquisitive and curious. Our keepers work together to enrich his life with activities that keep his every curious mind working! He loves chicken, meat and a variety of fruits and veggies!

Diet: Scruggs eats a variety of fruits, veggies and meats.

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Zuko & Dani

Species: Coyote Zuko came to CALM after being found as a pup. It is likely that…

Zuko & Dani

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Species: Coyote

Zuko came to CALM after being found as a pup. It is likely that the family that found him thought he was a puppy that was abandoned (it happens often!). He was around 10 weeks old and was introduced to a few other wild coyotes in our Wildlife Rehabilitation Center in hopes that he would become more wild and be releaseable. However, Zuko was such a friendly boy and started turning our wild coyotes into friendly pups as well! Since our goal is always to return as many animals back to the wild, we decided to separate Zuko and released the other pups into the wild. Zuko is such a friendly boy and was too into people to be released back thus his forever home became CALM. Zuko loves checking out our guests, getting scratches by our keeper staff and enjoying a wide variety of games, treats and fun!

Dani (name not 100 percent decided, but we love Dani-Zuko as a Grease reference 😉 ) is CALM’s newest addition and came to CALM through a community partner that found her. Although her history is unknown, Dani came to us with a cranial trauma that has caused her to be blind in one eye. Upon examination, it is likely that Dani was also struck either by a bb gun or bird shot. She is roughly 7 weeks old now and is working alongside our crew to become an Ambassador for CALM. She will be introduced as a buddy to Zuko and will live her life here at CALM as she cannot be released due to her injuries.

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Cinnamon & Louie

Species: American Black Bear Cinnamon and Louie were brought to CALM at different times but are…

Cinnamon & Louie

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Species: American Black Bear

Cinnamon and Louie were brought to CALM at different times but are now the best of Bear Buds! Cinnamon was brought to us through California Department of Fish and Wildlife after it was determined that he was not a suitable candidate to be released into the wild; he was under a year old and too young to make it successfully on his own.

Louie came to CALM when he was roughly 2 and a half years old. Bears usually leave their mommas at this age and he was found raiding fish huts in San Luis Obispo! Bears are naturally inquisitive and Louie was no exception. Fish and Wildlife evaluated Louie and his curiosity made him an unlikely candidate for release into another area so he was brought to CALM to be a partner to Cinnamon. Upon arrival, Louie was not sure about Cinnamon! It is natural for young bears to be scared of male bears and Louie wanted nothing to do with Cinnamon…but Cinnamon worked SO hard to win him over! He desperately wanted to be his friend. He would share his best food with Louie and would nudge it to him or leave it where he could get it (they were separated by hotwire in the habitat until they were able to be safely introduced). He would open coconuts and melons and slide those under the wire for him and share his fish. Eventually the boys became inseparable and you can now see them snuggling when you come out to CALM.

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Rufus & Roxy

Species: Bobcats Rufus and Roxie came into CALM as closed-eyed babies and were hand-raised by CALM…

Rufus & Roxy

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Species: Bobcats

Rufus and Roxie came into CALM as closed-eyed babies and were hand-raised by CALM staff. Due to medical respiratory issues, staff had to spend a lot of time with them to ensure their health needs were met. Because of this, both Rufus and Roxy came to love people too much and it was decided that CALM would be their forever home. Rufus and Roxy are the most curious of bobcats and spend their days jumping from rocks in their exhibits and spying on guests from their enclosure. Our keeper staff work with them daily to burn off energy and encourage their playful sides. They also live right beside our Big Horn Sheep and spend much of their time “chatting up the neighbors” though their enclosure.

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Laurel, Sage, & Misty

Species: Mountain Lions All three of our mountain lions came in as young ladies at different…

Laurel, Sage, & Misty

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Species: Mountain Lions

All three of our mountain lions came in as young ladies at different times in their lives. Misty was found wandering the streets as a cub; her eyes were open but she was tiny and needed to be bottle fed by staff to survive. Laurel came at an in-between stage; she was too young to be successfully released, but old enough to become dependent on humans for a food source. Sage came to CALM from out of state and it was determined that her health issues were too great to allow her to be released thus making her a candidate for a permanent member of the CALM animal family. When visiting CALM you can see all 3 of these ladies bonded together in their enclosure. They are happy to share a ledge, stalk guests or play in their creek with the variety of enrichment that our keeper staff offer them daily!

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Roxie

Species: Bobcat The bobcat (Lynx rufus), also known as the red lynx, is a medium-sized cat…

Roxie

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Species: Bobcat

The bobcat (Lynx rufus), also known as the red lynx, is a medium-sized cat native to North America. It ranges from southern Canada through most of the contiguous United States to Oaxaca in Mexico. It is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List since 2002, due to its wide distribution and large population. Although it has been hunted extensively both for sport and fur, populations have proven stable, though declining, in some areas.

It has distinctive black bars on its forelegs and a black-tipped, stubby (or “bobbed”) tail, from which it derives its name. It reaches a body length of up to 125 cm (49 in). It is an adaptable predator inhabiting wooded areas, semidesert, urban edge, forest edge, and swampland environments. It remains in some of its original range, but populations are vulnerable to local extinction by coyotes and domestic animals. Though the bobcat prefers rabbits and hares, it hunts insects, chickens, geese and other birds, small rodents, and deer. Prey selection depends on location and habitat, season, and abundance. Like most cats, the bobcat is territorial and largely solitary, although with some overlap in home ranges. It uses several methods to mark its territorial boundaries, including claw marks and deposits of urine or feces. The bobcat breeds from winter into spring and has a gestation period of about two months.

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Fiona

Species: San Joaquin kit fox The endangered San Joaquin kit fox (Vulpes macrotis mutica) was formerly…

Fiona

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Species: San Joaquin kit fox

The endangered San Joaquin kit fox (Vulpes macrotis mutica) was formerly very common in the San Joaquin Valley and through much of Central California. Its 1990 population was estimated to be 7,000. This subspecies is still endangered, after nearly 50 years of being on the Endangered Species List. Officially this subspecies was listed March 3, 1967.

On September 26, 2007, Wildlands Inc. announced the designation of the 684-acre (2.77 km2) Deadman Creek Conservation Bank, which is intended specifically to protect habitat of the San Joaquin kit fox. However, the population continues to decline mostly due to heavy habitat loss. Other factors include competition from red fox, and the extermination of the gray wolf from California has left the coyote as the dominant meso-predator in kit fox territory bringing an imbalance in ecosystem relationships. Sarcoptic Mange has also constituted a significant threat, specifically to the Bakersfield population of the subspecies, with 15 confirmed cases reported by the end of 2014.

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